The Camargue Flora is much more varied than it seems on board. There are more than 1000 plant species in the Camargue. Regarding the trees, we find mainly the Tamarisk which supports saline environments. The omnipresence of salt, and the mosaic of dry areas and more or less permanent wetlands give the Camargue its unique landscape.
Halophilic species (salt-loving species) have made the reputation of the Camargue wetlands. We find salicornia, soda, or Saladelle (sea lavender), which form the sansouire. This salt-dominated vegetation turns green in spring, gray in summer and red in winter. We also find the yellow marsh iris, the blue thistle, the daisy, the wild zinerium, and many others… The rushes, bulrushes and other reeds surround the aquatic expanses which extend or diminish at the rate seasons.
All of this vegetation constitutes an essential biotope for certain birds. Among other things, the reedbeds are areas of vegetation that are home to many species.
Swamp iris, or yellow iris, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Iridaceae. The flag iris is common in Europe, North Africa and the Near East. It is found in damp places: ditches, ponds, ponds, swamps, streams, belt of reeds.